Stories about: Innovators’ stories

An iPhone and a bucket help diagnose vestibular problems in dizzy children

dizziness vestibular bucket testDizziness is fairly common in children, but it can be very hard to diagnose the cause. Any number of conditions can produce dizziness, and children are a special challenge since they often can’t describe what they’re feeling.

“One of the toughest things to figure out is, is it a problem with the vestibular system, or is it part of something else, a heart problem or an eye problem?” says Jacob Brodsky, MD, director of the Balance and Vestibular Program at Boston Children’s Hospital. “Then, the next challenging part is determining whether it is an inner ear problem or a central vestibular disorder — a problem with the brain.”

A definitive answer often requires a battery of tests that few providers outside Boston Children’s can perform in children, as they require sophisticated and expensive equipment. But with an ordinary bucket, an iPhone, an $18 app and some Velcro, Brodsky can quickly get a good indication of whether a child has a vestibular problem—and specifically an inner ear problem.

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Storify: The Global Pediatric Innovation Summit in tweets

Global Pediatric Innovation Summit AwardsWe’ve been covering the science and innovation news out of the Global Pediatric Innovation Summit + Awards all week. We close out with the event’s best one-liners and the attendees’ collective take on the talks, panels and announcements. Props go to @ldtimmerman and @cgcarlson for being the event’s top tweeters.

Read on for Day 1 and Day 2 highlights. For more, watch the video highlights and read the day-to-day blog coverage.

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Storify: The science and business of cystic fibrosis

Cystic Fibrosis panelWhat happens when you put a doctor who specializes in cystic fibrosis in the same room as two biotech executives, one of whom is a ‘dadvocate’ of a teenager with CF? View the highlights and reactions to a a dynamic panel discussion at the Boston Children’s Hospital Global Pediatric Innovation Summit + Awards with Gregory Sawicki, MD, MPH, director of the Boston Children’s Cystic Fibrosis Center; David Meeker, MD, Genzyme president and CEO; Bob Coughlin, Massachusetts Biotechnology Council president and CEO; and moderator Luke Timmerman, founder and editor of The Timmerman Report.

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Leroy Hood and P4: How precision medicine will transform healthcare

Leroy Hood, MD, PhD, might not be a household name, but his impact on genetics and systems biology is hard to understate. Most notably, Hood invented the automated DNA sequencer that made the Human Genome Project possible.

In recent years, Hood has been working towards an even broader revolution in health care through an approach he calls P4 Medicine. The four Ps stand for predictive, preventative, personalized and participatory.

In his keynote presentation at the Boston Children’s Hospital Global Pediatric Innovation Summit + Awards, Hood laid out P4 Medicine’s radical vision for the future of health care. It’s a system that encompasses not just treating health problems, but enhancing wellness and preventing problems from occurring in the first place.

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Hematologist Vijay Sankaran receives Boston Children’s Hospital Rising Star Award


Before an audience of several hundred luncheon attendees, physician-scientist Vijay G. Sankaran, MD, PhD, received Boston Children’s Hospital’s 2015 Rising Star Award — recognizing the outstanding achievements of an up-and-coming innovator under the age of 45 in pediatric health care.

Sankaran, a board-certified pediatric hematologist/oncologist with Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, conducts innovative research on red blood cell disorders such as Diamond-Blackfan anemia, sickle cell disease and thalassemia.

The Rising Star Award and companion Lifetime Impact Award ceremony were held at the hospital’s Global Pediatric Innovation Summit + Awards on November 10.

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Aneesh Chopra: Five insights for innovators

In the mid-2000s, David Van Sickle, a researcher at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, had a hypothesis. He suspected asthma treatment might be overemphasizing direct patient intervention and underemphasizing broader environmental and health factors.

To test his hunch, Van Sickle enabled asthma inhalers with GPS technology and placed them in the hands of 1,000 people in Louisville, Kentucky. By tracking the time and location of asthma attacks and layering the results with open government data, Van Sickle discovered clusters of attacks in certain sections of the city — a finding that’s helping to clarify the link between asthma and environmental factors such as air quality.

According to Aneesh Chopra, cofounder of Hunch Analytics and the first-ever U.S. chief technology officer, Van Sickle — now the CEO of Propeller Health, a platform for respiratory health management — represents a new breed of health-care innovators who are using software and apps to draw insights from masses of data.

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Questioning authority: A conversation with Martine Rothblatt

The more you listen to Martine Rothblatt, the more the fact that she’s transgendered becomes one of the less interesting things about her. Instead, you get caught up and inspired by her journey—from satellites to organ farms, from founding a pharmaceutical company to BINA 48, a “mindclone” robot that embodies her wife Bina’s beliefs, attitudes, memories and feelings.

Rothblatt, currently chief of United Therapeutics, is among the world’s highest paid female CEOs. Her motto is, “Do the right thing and the money will take care of itself.”

This is a lightly edited excerpt of her interview with Jane Clayson, guest host of NPR’s On Point.

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Innovation Tank: And the winner is … AIR

Innovation Tank
Kevin Cedrone presents AIR to the judges at the Innovation Tank

“These start-ups are really looking to change the world. [They won’t be] the next Uber or Facebook. [Instead] they will really affect lives in the pediatric space,” said Troy Carter, founder and CEO of the entertainment company Atom Factory and newly named guest shark on ABC’s “Shark Tank,” as he introduced the Innovation Tank at the Boston Children’s Hospital Global Pediatric Innovation Summit + Awards.

Though each of the three participating innovations promised a tremendous impact on kids, the six judges agreed on the ultimate Innovation Tank winner and awarded a $30,000 investment to the Augmented Infant Resuscitator (AIR).

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Siddhartha Mukherjee: Have we lost the fire to tackle childhood cancers?

Siddhartha Mukherjee, MD, PhD, takes his audience on a tour of 60 years’ worth of successes in cancer. What does the future hold?

We’ve all heard the George Santayana quote, “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” But there’s another way of thinking about the lessons that the past holds for the future: Those who do remember the past can recapture and harness earlier feelings of energy, urgency and possibility to overcome new problems, now and in the future.

That line of thinking threaded its way throughout the keynote address oncologist Siddhartha Mukherjee, MD, PhD, author of The Emperor of All Maladies, delivered today at Boston Children’s Hospital’s Global Pediatric Innovation Summit + Awards 2015.

In taking the audience on a tour through the last 60 years of advances in cancer biology, genomics and treatment, Mukherjee highlighted the central role pediatrics played as the starting point for the cancer successes we see today. How, he asked, did children come to play such a central role? What can we learn from the successes in the 1950s and ’60s, when pediatric cancer started to evolve from a death sentence to a treatable, even curable disease?

And how, he asked, can we recapture and harness the energy and urgency of that time today?

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Behind the scenes in the brain: The work and life of Beth Stevens, PhD

As far back as she can remember, neuroscientist Beth Stevens, PhD, of the Boston Children’s Hospital Department of Neurology and the F.M. Kirby Neurobiology Center, has loved science. The concept of a career in the field began to take root in high school, nurtured in part by her biology teacher — a scientist on the side — who was both encouraging and inspiring.

Today, Stevens, winner of the 2015 MacArthur “genius” grant for her groundbreaking research on microglia cells, is doing her part to inspire a new generation of scientists and show them, as she says, “Scientists aren’t just nerdy guys in white coats.”

Hover over the objects in Stevens’s office to learn more about her work, life and innovations, and read more about her science.

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