At least 15 million children reside in Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs) that average fewer than one health professional for every 3,500 people. In these health care deserts, time and transportation barriers prevent even children with health insurance have trouble getting timely care, particularly specialty care. Children in poor, rural areas are most at risk.
So health problems fester and get worse — and more expensive when finally addressed.
Telehealth can solve many of these problems. Through remote video/voice/data connections, dermatologists can view images of rashes and moles sent by primary care providers; cardiologists can patch into local emergency rooms and listen to heart sounds and read EKG tracings; critical care physicians and neonatologists can see and hear newborns in distress, listen to lung sounds, read their vital signs and view images. They can advise local clinicians and guide them through next steps.
Through smart home hubs and the growing Internet of Things, people can now control lights, thermostats and other appliances and get information and entertainment with their always-connected digital devices. Consumers have widely adopted home automation products like Nest from Google and ecosystems like Apple’s HomeKit and Amazon’s Alexa.
But home hubs also have the potential to achieve the promise of connected health — access to health care services anywhere and anytime.
Home hubs can deliver enormous value as a means of health care delivery — not just helping casual consumers become familiar with their health and take preventive measures, but also helping manage complex care for patients with chronic illness and supporting timely decision making by clinical teams. Everybody involved with a person’s care can be plugged in, enabling coordination across providers and caregivers in a way that’s increasingly intuitive and meaningful. …
An occasional roundup of news items Vector finds noteworthy.
Zika’s surface in stunning detail; mosquito tactics
We haven’t curbed the Zika epidemic yet. But cryo-electron microscopy — a newer, faster alternative to X-ray crystallography — at least reveals the structure of the virus, which has been linked to microcephaly (though not yet definitively). The anatomy of the virus’s projections gives clues to how the virus is able to attach to and infect cells, and could provide toeholds for developing antiviral treatments and vaccines. Read coverage in the Washington Post and see the full paper in Science.
Meanwhile, as The New York Times reports, scientists are coming together in an effort to control Zika by genetically manipulating the mosquito that spreads it, Aedes aegypti. …
Judges include representatives from the four founding hospitals — Boston Children’s Hospital, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital, Texas Children’s Hospital and Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia — and from Sesame Workshop, whose recently announced Sesame Ventures plans to support companies that “help kids grow smarter, stronger and kinder.”
John Brownstein, PhD, chief innovation officer at Boston Children’s and one of the judges on the panel, agrees with that mission. “When it comes to innovation, pediatrics is often a second thought or gets left out altogether,” he says. “I’m extremely impressed with the landscape this year and the breadth of startup ideas.” …
When rare diseases are taken together, they’re not all that rare. Their underlying genes provide biological insights that drive therapeutic advances and often shed light on more common disorders. Thanks to advances in genomics and bioinformatics, growing interest from pharma and a burgeoning citizen science movement, rare disease is poised to rock biomedicine. This Storify recaps a Twitter chat hosted by the NIH (#NIHchat) ahead of Rare Disease Day on February 29. People shared statistics, great examples of rare disease science, directories of diseases/disease organizations and tools for patients, clinicians and researchers. …
More than 75 percent of children diagnosed with cancer are surviving into adulthood, leaving more and more parents to wonder: Will my child be able to have children down the road?
They’re right to be concerned. The cancer treatments that are so effective at saving children’s lives can themselves cause a host of problems that don’t manifest until years later. These late effects include particularly harsh impacts on fertility.
On our sister blog Notes, urologist Richard Yu, MD, PhD, of Boston Children’s Hospital and fertility specialist Elizabeth Ginsberg, MD, of Brigham and Women’s Hospital outline where the science of fertility preservation is going.
“It may take 15 or 20 years to develop the techniques to help a child who is 8 years old now,” notes Yu. “But if you don’t preserve something now, you run the risk of not being able to do anything for them later, which is where we are now with a large number of adults who survived childhood cancer.”
Basic research investigators are increasingly conducting translational research studies to advance their therapeutic approaches to clinical trials. Unfortunately, when testing drugs in rodent models of human disease, these studies often do not measure drug levels from their animal subjects to determine drug dosing.
This is understandable, since collecting these data can be very expensive and requires specialized expertise. But as a consequence, a lot of preclinical literature is published without any consideration of what drug concentration was actually achieved in the organ of interest. This is undercutting our efforts to get new therapies to patients. …
During the last decade or so, health care has been rapidly transforming from a reactive, paper-based system to a responsive digital model.
Massachusetts, under Gov. Charlie Baker’s leadership, has launched a comprehensive public-private partnership to accelerate the state’s digital health care sector. The partnership has identified multiple ways to drive investment and growth in the state.
Technology transfer from universities to private companies is just one example. In the past, each transfer required completely new agreements. Three new standardized templates for licensing, technology transfer and sponsored research will help facilitate these processes. In 2016, the partnership will expand its Mentorship Speakers Series with a stronger focus on digital health care. Finally, the Digital Healthcare Innovation Hub and Accelerator will provide a space to support and grow new digital health companies in Boston.
Vector visited with John Brownstein, PhD, Boston Children’s Hospital’s Chief Innovation Officer, to better understand the background and potential impact of this new initiative. …