Stories about: cognitive science

What’s trending in neurological drug development?

Advanced MRI scans of the brain showing neural network connections
Credit: Boston Children’s Hospital

Momentum has been growing in the field of neuroscience in our ability to understand and treat various disorders affecting the brain, central nervous system, neuromuscular network and more. So what are the key ways that researchers and drug industry collaborators are discovering new therapies for preventing or reversing neurological disease?

Experts weighed in recently to offer their insights.

Read Full Story | Leave a Comment

What’s your lot in life? How you see it may affect your child’s brain

A fieldworker in Canta, Peru administers tablet-based games to a 12-year-old girl, taking a measure of her brain function.
A fieldworker in Peru administers cognitive tests to a 12-year-old girl. While socioeconomic circumstances can vary dramatically, how families perceive and adapt to them may be more critical in brain development.

Studies going back to the 1950s have linked objective socioeconomic factors—like parental income or education—to child health and achievement. Recent studies have extended this research, indicating that parental socioeconomic status (SES) also affects physiologic brain function in children. A new study, while small, is the first to suggest another potent factor: the mother’s self-perceived social status.

Margaret Sheridan, PhD, at Boston Children’s Hospital’s Labs of Cognitive Neuroscience, and colleagues studied 38 children, ages 8 to 12 years. Each child gave a saliva sample to measure levels of the stress hormone cortisol, and 19 also underwent functional MRI of the brain focusing on the hippocampus, a structure responsible for long-term memory formation (required for learning) and for reducing stress responses.

Their mothers, meanwhile, were shown a picture of a ladder and were asked to rank their social status on a scale of 1 to 10 as compared with others in the United States.

Read Full Story | Leave a Comment