Stories about: drug screening

Souped-up fish facility boosts drug discovery and testing

closeup of zebrafish-20150526_ZebraFishCeremony-60The care and feeding of more than 250,000 zebrafish just got better, thanks to a $4 million grant from the Massachusetts Life Sciences Center to upgrade Boston Children’s Hospital’s Karp Aquatics Facility. Aside from the fish, patients with cancer, blood diseases and more stand to benefit.

From a new crop of Boston-Children’s-patented spawning tanks to a robotic feeding system, the upgrade will help raise the large numbers of the striped tropical fish needed to rapidly identify and screen potential new therapeutics. It’s all part of the Children’s Center for Cell Therapy, established in 2013. We put on shoe covers and took a look behind the scenes. (Photos: Katherine Cohen)

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Zebrafish make a big splash

If you look at the range of research models available to scientists today (from fungi to flies to mice and larger), one little guy stands out – a tropical freshwater fish from the rivers of Bangladesh called the zebrafish. While it may be small, this fish is having a big impact on medical science, especially in genetics, stem cell biology, and drug screening, as covered in today’s Wall Street Journal.

As we’ve mentioned previously on Vector, the zebrafish is swimming its way into many research programs, both here at Children’s Hospital Boston and across the country. As a model, they are quite attractive to researchers, in part due to their small size, their fecundity, and their surprising similarities to us (from a genetic standpoint, that is).

Richard White, who works with Leonard Zon in the Stem Cell Program at Children’s Hospital Boston, offers up an explanation for the fish’s popularity:

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From fish to people – first drug ID’d in zebrafish crosses a milestone

A recent clinical trial brings the drug FT1050 one step closer to becoming the first drug identified with the help of zebrafish (above) to make it to patients. (Soulkeeper/Wikimedia Commons)

In 2007, working with zebrafish, Leonard Zon and his team in Children’s Stem Cell Program made an unexpected discovery: That a drug originally developed to treat stomach ulcers could boost the production of blood stem cells, by about four-fold.

That drug – FT1050, a chemical variant of a fatty, hormone-like molecule called prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) – recently crossed a major milestone: the successful conclusion of a Phase I clinical trial. Led by Zon’s colleague Corey Cutler, a clinical researcher at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, the trial aimed to determine the drug’s safety as a way of helping patients who receive umbilical cord blood stem cell transplants recover their immune function more quickly.

The trial brings the FT1050 one step closer to becoming the first drug identified with the help of zebrafish to make it to patients.

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